MFOS Quad DC Modulation Mixer
Article by Ray Wilson
This is an advanced project requiring understanding of electronics and electronic building and trouble shooting skills and equipment. Access to a good oscilloscope, DVM, bench power supply, soldering station and hand tools will be required. Only the schematic, circuit description, and suggested panel layout are provided. Please read over the entire project before ordering PC boards or other products.

Features

Introduction

A DC modulation mixer allows you to combine modulation sources such as an LFO, an envelope generator, and the output of a sequencer and use the combined output to modulate another module. This module gives you a lot of DC mixing flexibility and each of the four three input DC mixers can feed another of the mixers for more flexibility.

Schematics

Schematic Page 1

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There are four identical three input DC mixers in this module. They can be used separately or the output of one can feed the input of another to expand the number of DC modulation sources which can be addded together. The composite output is then used to modulate a module or modules. I will describe the operation of the first one only as the others operate in the same manner. Only the component designators have been changed to protect the innocent. All ICs are TL074CN quad op amps. They can be replaced with LF444CN for a much lower current module with the same functionality.

Input sources are connected via jacks J1, J3 and J5 which drop the input signal onto potentiometers used as adjustable voltage dividers R2, R13, and R15 (100K level adjust potentiometers). The signal appearing on the wiper of each pot is fed to the input of DC inverting mixing op amp U1-A via mixing resistors R1, R7 and R14 (1M 1/4 watt resistors). The mixed DC signals are fed to the inverting input of U1-A where a gain of one is applied via 1M feedback resistor R16. Capacitor C2 (100pF) suppresses op amp oscillation. The output of U1-A is fed through 100 ohm resistor R12 to jack J5. This is the inverted mixed output voltage.

The output of op amp U1-A is also fed to the inverting input of op amp U1-B via 10K resistor R10 where it is re-inverted with a gain of one (thanks to 10K feedback resistor R11) to reflect the original signal. U1-B's output is fed to jack J2 via 100 ohm resistor R6. The output of U1-B is the non-inverted mixed modulation signal output.

Adjustable bias voltage is applied from the wiper of R3 (whose ends tie to +/-12V) 100K potentiometer via resistive divider R4 (300K 1/4W resistor) and R8 (100K 1/4W resistor) to the non-inverting inputs of U1-A and U1-C. The DC gain of U1-C is adjusted so that both U1-A and U1-B go up and down simultaneously with the adjustment of R3.

If DC signals add up to greater than the supply voltage minus 1.5V they will be clipped. This will not harm the circuit.

 

Schematic Page 2

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See Schematic Page 1 for Circuit Description

 

PC Board Information

Parts Layout With Component Designators

This is a single sided board that you can make at home. This view shows the designators useful when trouble shooting. All jumper indicators must be shorted with number 22 AWG solid wire or equivalent.

 

Parts Layout With Component Values

This is a single sided board that you can make at home. This view shows the component values useful when populating the PC board. All jumper indicators must be shorted with number 22 AWG solid wire or equivalent.

 

Bottom Copper

As viewed from the bottom of the PC board.

 

Silk Screen

As viewed from the top of the PC board. All jumper indicators must be shorted with number 22 AWG solid wire or equivalent.

 

Bottom Copper X2

As viewed from the bottom of the PC board.

 

Silk Screen X2

As viewed from the top of the PC board. All jumper indicators must be shorted with number 22 AWG solid wire or equivalent.

 

Front Panel Information

Suggested Front Panel Layout

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Circuit Description

 

Suggested Front Panel Wiring Diagram

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Circuit Description

 

Quad DC Modulation Mixer Project Parts List

Component Notes

All cap voltages should be 35V or more. All resistors are 1/4W 5% (1% will work fine). MFOS PC boards use dual inline IC packages. MFOS PC boards usually use 5mm (0.2") cap lead spacing unless it is obvious from the board's legend that it should be larger or smaller. I often specify axial leads for any caps mounted on the front panel but you can use radial as well by adding some wire to the leads.

Qty. Description Value Designators
3  TL074 Quad Op Amp  TL074  U1, U2, U3  
16  Linear Potentiometer  100K  R2, R3, R13, R15, R18, R19, R29, R31, R34, R35, R45, R47, R50, R52, R61, R63  
8  Resistor 1/4 Watt 5% Carbon Film  100 ohm  R6, R12, R22, R28, R38, R44, R51, R60  
8  Resistor 1/4 Watt 5% Carbon Film  100K  R8, R9, R24, R25, R40, R41, R56, R57  
8  Resistor 1/4 Watt 5% Carbon Film  10K  R10, R11, R26, R27, R42, R43, R58, R59  
16  Resistor 1/4 Watt 5% Carbon Film  1M  R1, R7, R14, R16, R17, R23, R30, R32, R33, R39, R46, R48, R49, R55, R62, R64  
8  Resistor 1/4 Watt 5% Carbon Film  300K  R4, R5, R20, R21, R36, R37, R53, R54  
6  Capacitor Ceramic  .1uF  C1, C3, C4, C5, C7, C9  
4  Capacitor Ceramic  100 pf  C2, C6, C8, C10  
2  Capacitor Electrolytic  10uF  C11, C12  
20  Jack 1/4" 2 Terminal  .  J1, J2, J3, J4, J5, J6, J7, J8, J9, J10, J11, J12, J13, J14, J15, J16, J17, J18, J19, J20